Biomass is any organic material of plant or animal origin, including organic waste, which can be exploited energetically.
In the biomass of plant origin, the plants use solar energy to capture CO2 and water through photosynthesis. CO2 emissions produced, coming from a retired carbon from the atmosphere in the same biological cycle, do not alter the balance of the concentration of atmospheric carbon, since emissions resulting from combustion are offset by the absorbed during life cycle, and therefore do not increase the greenhouse effect. Its use helps to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere whenever you replace a fossil fuel.
In addition, it is a non-fossil fuel, neutral from the point of view of the carbon cycle.
Biomass represents a good alternative to fossil fuels that also maintains a competitive price and not dependent on international stages.
Biomass extraction as timber, firewood and other products has been one of the main uses that have historically been carried out in our mountains.
In Andalusia the use of forest biomass, particularly that from the coniferous forests of the repopulation that took place during the twentieth century has great potential. This use must be based on the management and planning of the mountains, so that a balanced and consistent with the potential exploitation of forest ecosystems is achieved.
But keep in mind that the use of this biomass depends heavily on the costs associated with procurement procedures, extraction and transportation.
In this situation arises Maderas Doñana (Doñanas Wood), located in Hinojos (Huelva), the nerve center of the pine forests of the Doñana National Park environment, covering the lack of this type of industries in Western Andalusia.